Pemisahan Unsur Samarium dan Yttrium dari Mineral Tanah Jarang dengan Teknik Membran Cair Berpendukung (Supported Liquid Membrane)

Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan. 2009;7(1)

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan

ISSN: 1412-5064 (Print); 2356-1661 (Online)

Publisher: Syiah Kuala University

Society/Institution: Chemical Engineering Department, USK

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering | Technology: Chemical technology: Chemical engineering

Country of publisher: Indonesia

Language of fulltext: Indonesian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Amri Amin (Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Abulyatama)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

he increasing use of rare earth elements in high technology industries needs to be supported by developmental work for the separation of elements. The research objective is fiercely attracting and challenging considering the similarity of bath physical and chemical properties among these elements. The rate separation of samarium and yttrium elements using supported liquid membrane has been studied. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) with pore size of 0.45 µm has been used as the membrane and di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (D2EHP) in hexane has been used as a carrier and nitric acid solution has been used as receiving phase. Result of experiments showed that the best separation rate of samarium and yttrium elements could be obtained at feeding phase of pH 3.0, di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (D2EHP) concentration of 0.3 M, agitation rate of 700 rpm, agitation time of 2 hours, and nitric acid and its solution concentrations of 1.0 M and 0.1 M, respectively. At this condition, separation rates of samarium and yttrium were 64.4 and 67.6%, respectively.   Keywords: liquid membrane, rare earth elements, samarium, yttrium