PhantomNet: Exploring Optimal Multicellular Multiple Antenna Systems

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing. 2004;2004(5):691857


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing

ISSN: 1687-6172 (Print); 1687-6180 (Online)

Publisher: SpringerOpen

Society/Institution: European Association for Signal Processing (EURASIP)

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering: Telecommunication | Technology: Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering: Electronics

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Foschini Gerard J

Goldsmith Andrea J

Jafar Syed A


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

<p/> <p>We present a network framework for evaluating the theoretical performance limits of wireless data communication. We address the problem of providing the best possible service to new users joining the system without affecting existing users. Since, interference-wise, new users are required to be invisible to existing users, the network is dubbed PhantomNet. The novelty is the generality obtained in this context. Namely, we can deal with multiple users, multiple antennas, and multiple cells on both the uplink and the downlink. The solution for the uplink is effectively the same as for a single cell system since all the base stations (BSs) simply amount to one composite BS with centralized processing. The optimum strategy, following directly from known results, is successive decoding (SD), where the new user is decoded before the existing users so that the new users' signal can be subtracted out to meet its invisibility requirement. Only the BS needs to modify its decoding scheme in the handling of new users, since existing users continue to transmit their data exactly as they did before the new arrivals. The downlink, even with the BSs operating as one composite BS, is more problematic. With multiple antennas at each BS site, the optimal coding scheme and the capacity region for this channel are unsolved problems. SD and dirty paper (DP) are two schemes previously reported to achieve capacity in special cases. For PhantomNet, we show that DP coding at the BS is equal to or better than SD. The new user is encoded before the existing users so that the interference caused by his signal to existing users is known to the transmitter. Thus the BS modifies its encoding scheme to accommodate new users so that existing users continue to operate as before: they achieve the same rates as before and they decode their signal in precisely the same way as before. The solutions for the uplink and the downlink are particularly interesting in the way they exhibit a remarkable simplicity and an unmistakable, near-perfect, up-down symmetry.</p>