Preparation of Modified Kaolin Filler with Cesium and Its Application in Security Paper

Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2013;2013 DOI 10.1155/2013/274245


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Advances in Materials Science and Engineering

ISSN: 1687-8434 (Print); 1687-8442 (Online)

Publisher: Hindawi Limited

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering: Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML



Houssni El-Saied (Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza 11622, Egypt)
Samya El-Sherbiny (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Ain Helwan, Cairo 11975, Egypt)
Omnia Ali (Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Ain Helwan, Cairo 11975, Egypt)
Wafaa El-Saied (National Centre for Nuclear Safety & Radiation Control (NCNSRC), Egyptian Atom Energy Authority (AEA), Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt)
Said Rohyem (Research Counterfeiting and Forgery Department, Forensic Medical Authority, Ministry of Justice, Cairo, Egypt)


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 19 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

In this study, cesium was added intentionally during paper manufacture for protecting the papers against forgery and counterfeiting by sorbing cesium ions (Cs+) on kaolin, used as special filler in papermaking. The sorption of cesium from aqueous solution by kaolin was studied as a function of pH, shaking time, cesium initial concentration, and mass of kaolin using batch technique. The results showed that a solution containing 10 mg/L Cs+ and 250 mg of kaolin at pH 6 can be used to modify the kaolin. Paper handsheets were prepared containing various percentages of the modified kaolin. The mechanical and optical properties of paper handsheets were studied. The prepared paper handsheets were irradiated by gamma irradiation using different doses. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to study the effect of kaolin modification by cesium and gamma irradiation on paper handsheets properties. The results indicated that modified kaolin enhanced the mechanical and optical properties of paper handsheets. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) were also used. They provided rapid, sensitive and nondestructive techniques in differentiating between different questioned documents. This study presents a new concept in manufacturing security papers and anticounterfeiting applications.