Integrating Conservation and Development in the Peruvian Amazon

Ecology and Society. 2009;14(2):11 DOI 10.5751/ES-02992-140211


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Ecology and Society

ISSN: 1708-3087 (Online)

Publisher: Resilience Alliance

LCC Subject Category: Science: Biology (General): Ecology

Country of publisher: Canada

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Catherine Kilbane Gockel (University of Washington)

Leslie C. Gray (Environmental Studies Institute, Santa Clara University)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 48 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Recent studies have critiqued integrated conservation and development projects for failing to attain either of their two major goals. This paper evaluates one such project in Peru's Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, which entailed community-based natural resource-management plans for palm and aquatic resources. We conducted semistructured interviews with reserve inhabitants (n=57) during May 2007, as well as key-informant interviews with state and non-governmental organization (NGO) staff. Monitoring data and reports from NGOs were important secondary sources in this study. The intervention has improved the status of targeted species and has improved the well-being of participants. This project worked well for a number of reasons, including the long-term commitment of the implementing organization, the social capital and legitimacy provided by participation in management groups, and the fact that local knowledge was incorporated into resource-management techniques.