The article studies the causes of the tragic situation of a man in society on the material of O’Neill’s “All God’s Chillun Got Wings”. O’Neill as a shrewd psychologist examines the process of transformation of social norms into the internal psychological norms of each individual. The problem of racial antagonism is solved by the playwright as part of the ethical problem of human relationships in the selfish and predatory world. The author reveals the artistic features of the drama, reflecting the principles of O’Neill’s thinking and representing his worldview. The slow beginning of the drama scenes is replaced by a high psychological intensity created by the concentration of all social problems in the interaction of two people capable of love, which is not realized due to social conditions.