Revista Transilvană de Ştiinţe Administrative (Jun 2012)

Mecanisme de organizare şi funcţionare a instituţiei prefecturii în Clujul interbelic

  • GYÖRKE Zoltán

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 14, no. 30
pp. 52 – 72


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Similar to all the other prefectures in Transylvania, Banat, Crisana, Satmar and Maramureş, the Cluj County prefecture worked, until January 1, 1926, within the framework of the Hungarian administrative laws in force on December 1st, 1918. Therefore, after six years of Austro-Hungarian legal continuity, the Cluj prefecture took the shape and size imposed successively by institutional models, by laws and regulations on internal organization, but also by the will, sometimes discretionary, of the 15 prefects with various professions and personal political ambitions who represented the government here. We will limit ourselves here to study the 1923-1938 interval, since it corresponds to the period when the main administrative laws were adopted (1925, 1929, 1936, 1938), then the Constitution and, importantly, the first legal document that attests a change in the de facto unified administration, namely the law on civil service status. The year 1938 also ended the period during which, for two decades, the 25 Romanian governments implemented their own models of running the administration. The administrative laws of 1925, 1929 and 1936 were followed by reorganization of structures within the county of Cluj prefecture, but brought no major changes of content. For a more efficient functioning of the prefecture, the institution of delegation was often used, by means of which the prefect delegated his county duties to the deputy prefect. The work is based mainly on original sources, detected from archival research, bringing to light unknown or less clarified instances of the past of Cluj prefecture between the two world wars.