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Environmental exposure to pesticides and respiratory health

European Respiratory Review. 2015;24(137):462-473 DOI 10.1183/16000617.00006114

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: European Respiratory Review

ISSN: 0905-9180 (Print); 1600-0617 (Online)

Publisher: European Respiratory Society

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the respiratory system

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Ali Mamane ( ISPED – Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France )

Chantal Raherison ( ISPED – Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France )

Jean-François Tessier ( ISPED – Centre INSERM U897-Epidémiologie-Biostatistique, Bordeaux, France )

Isabelle Baldi ( ISPED – Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France )

Ghislaine Bouvier ( ISPED – Laboratoire Santé Travail Environnement, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France )

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 24 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Respiratory effects of environmental exposure to pesticides are debated. Here we aimed to review epidemiological studies published up until 2013, using the PubMed database. 20 studies dealing with respiratory health and non-occupational pesticide exposure were identified, 14 carried out on children and six on adults. In four out of nine studies in children with biological measurements, mothers' dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) blood levels during pregnancy were associated with asthma and wheezing in young children. An association was also found between permethrin in indoor air during pregnancy and wheezing in children. A significant association between asthma and DDE measured in children's blood (aged 7–10 years) was observed in one study. However, in three studies, no association was found between asthma or respiratory infections in children and pesticide levels in breast milk and/or infant blood. Lastly, in three out of four studies where post-natal pesticide exposure of children was assessed by parental questionnaire an association with respiratory symptoms was found. Results of the fewer studies on pesticide environmental exposure and respiratory health of adults were much less conclusive: indeed, the associations observed were weak and often not significant. In conclusion, further studies are needed to confirm whether there is a respiratory risk associated with environmental exposure to pesticides.