جغرافیا و آمایش شهری منطقه‌ای (Sep 2020)

Measuring The Desirability Level of The Location Distribution of Bus Stations In The Environment GIS)Case Study: Maragheh Urban(

  • Hassan Mahmoudzadeh,
  • Zahra Faraj nrjad,
  • Mehdi Harischian

DOI
https://doi.org/10.22111/gaij.2020.5715
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 10, no. 36
pp. 73 – 102

Abstract

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Today, with the expansion of cities and the increase of urban population, and in proportion to the increase of road traffic, many problems have arisen for people in terms of length and time of urban travel. In the meantime, proper organization of public transportation, including bus stations, can play an important role in reducing the length and time of city trips. The purpose of this study is to assess the level of desirability of the current spatial distribution of Maragheh bus stations and then to determine the most appropriate model of spatial distribution of bus stations, which is applied-practical in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in nature and method. In this research, the TOPSIS model was used for ranking the road network in terms of priority of bus stations and suitable locations of these stations and the network analysis model in the GIS environment was used to determine the optimal routes and calculate the length and time of routes on the network. Ten criteria of distance from residential, commercial, office, educational, cultural, recreational and green space, health and treatment, distance from intersection, access and population density were used, which were weighted by ANP method. In this study, the results of TOPSIS model showed that bus stations do not cover the road network properly and their standard distance from each other is not observed. Also, the results of network analysis model showed that out of 8 bus lines in Maragheh, 5 lines in the return routes and 2 lines in the return route were changed, and the total length of bus routes after applying the algorithm was 5724 meters and the time required for the routes was 20. Minutes decreased. Finally, the final map of the optimal pattern of spatial distribution of bus stations showed that small parts of Valiasr town - Phase 1 and Phase 2, large parts of Sahand and Daraei - Talebkhan town, quite desirable places and many parts of Valiasr town - Phase 1 and a smaller part of Phase 2 in The limit is desirable and the rest of the sections are medium and low, respectively, for the optimal distribution of Maragheh bus stations.

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