Nederland-Turkije, 1675-1678. Vier jaar op het snijpunt van Gouden Eeuw en moderniteit

De Zeventiende Eeuw: Cultuur in de Nederlanden in Interdisciplinair Perspectief. 2013;29(1):3-18 DOI 10.18352/dze.8456


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: De Zeventiende Eeuw: Cultuur in de Nederlanden in Interdisciplinair Perspectief

ISSN: 0921-142X (Print); 2212-7402 (Online)

Publisher: Utrecht University Library Open Access Journals (Publishing Services)

LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: History of Civilization

Country of publisher: Netherlands

Language of fulltext: English, Dutch; Flemish

Full-text formats available: PDF, XML



Merlijn Olnon


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 26 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

When the Dutch Republic and the Ottoman Empire established formal relations in 1612, they committed themselves to maintaining friendly diplomatic relations as well as commercial ones. Seventeenth-century Dutch diplomacy in Istanbul revolved around Dutch trade, especially in Izmir. Ottoman cultivation of the Dutch served mainly international strategic purposes, for their role in which the Dutch received unusually benign Ottoman treatment. Formal diplomacy aside, relations between these states and their subjects materialized in the everyday contact between Turks, Franks, Latins, Greeks, Armenians and Jews in Izmir. The development of that city peaked during the pivotal years 1675-1678. In these mere four years a confluence of administrative, commercial, and international political developments transformed the Dutch nation of Izmir from a collective of smuggling freebooters into a discrete professional community. As such, these years are an endpoint as well as a starting point in Ottoman-Dutch relations: they mark the shift of the primacy of the Dutch Levant trade in a Mediterranean mould, towards the primacy of professional Dutch international diplomacy.