Metabolites (Jan 2019)

1D “Spikelet” Projections from Heteronuclear 2D NMR Data—Permitting 1D Chemometrics While Preserving 2D Dispersion

  • Maryam Tabatabaei Anaraki,
  • Wolfgang Bermel,
  • Rudraksha Dutta Majumdar,
  • Ronald Soong,
  • Myrna Simpson,
  • Martine Monnette,
  • André J. Simpson

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9, no. 1
p. 16


Read online

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a powerful tool for the non-targeted metabolomics of intact biofluids and even living organisms. However, spectral overlap can limit the information that can be obtained from 1D 1H NMR. For example, magnetic susceptibility broadening in living organisms prevents any metabolic information being extracted from solution-state 1D 1H NMR. Conversely, the additional spectral dispersion afforded by 2D 1H-13C NMR allows a wide range of metabolites to be assigned in-vivo in 13C enriched organisms, as well as a greater depth of information for biofluids in general. As such, 2D 1H-13C NMR is becoming more and more popular for routine metabolic screening of very complex samples. Despite this, there are only a very limited number of statistical software packages that can handle 2D NMR datasets for chemometric analysis. In comparison, a wide range of commercial and free tools are available for analysis of 1D NMR datasets. Overtime, it is likely more software solutions will evolve that can handle 2D NMR directly. In the meantime, this application note offers a simple alternative solution that converts 2D 1H-13C Heteronuclear Single Quantum Correlation (HSQC) data into a 1D “spikelet” format that preserves not only the 2D spectral information, but also the 2D dispersion. The approach allows 2D NMR data to be converted into a standard 1D Bruker format that can be read by software packages that can only handle 1D NMR data. This application note uses data from Daphnia magna (water fleas) in-vivo to demonstrate how to generate and interpret the converted 1D spikelet data from 2D datasets, including the code to perform the conversion on Bruker spectrometers.