International Journal of Nanomedicine (Dec 2021)

Theranostic Nanoplatform with Sequential SDT and ADV Effects in Response to Well-Programmed LIFU Irradiation for Cervical Cancer

  • Zhou J,
  • Hou J,
  • Liu S,
  • Xu J,
  • Luo Y,
  • Zheng J,
  • Li X,
  • Wang Z,
  • Ran H,
  • Guo D

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 16
pp. 7995 – 8012


Read online

Jun Zhou,1,* Jingxin Hou,1,2,* Shuling Liu,1 Jie Xu,1 Ying Luo,1 Jun Zheng,2 Xin Li,1 Zhigang Wang,2 Haitao Ran,2 Dajing Guo1 1Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010, People’s Republic of China; 2Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ultrasound Molecular Imaging & Department of Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Dajing Guo Email [email protected]: Some patients with cervical cancer have the need to preserve fertility; therefore, a minimally invasive treatment option that can effectively inactivate tumors in these patients is necessary.Methods: In this paper, we designed and prepared nanoparticles (NPs) carrying IR780 and perfluorohexane (PFH) and characterized their properties. We focused on the promotion of programmed low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) irradiation on the penetration and treatment of cervical cancer. First we used penetration-enhancing LIFU irradiation to promote the penetration of the NPs into 3D multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTSs) and tumors in tumor-bearing nude mice. Then we used re-therapeutic LIFU irradiation to achieve antitumor effects in vitro and in vivo. Photoacoustic (PA) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were used to monitor and evaluate the targeting and therapeutic effects of these NPs on tumor tissues.Results: The NPs prepared in this paper exhibited high affinity for HeLa cells, and can selectively achieve mitochondrial localization in the cell due to IR780 assistance. The penetration-enhancing LIFU irradiation have the ability to promote the penetration of the NPs into cervical cancer models in vivo and in vitro. Under LIFU irradiation, the cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by IR780 during the first half of the re-therapeutic LIFU irradiation and the physical acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) effect after PFH phase transition during the second half of the re-therapeutic LIFU irradiation can achieve synergistic minimally invasive treatment of tumors, which can be visualized and evaluated by PA and MR imaging in vivo.Conclusion: Well-programmed LIFU irradiation can promote NP penetration into deep tumor tissue and achieve antitumor effects simultaneously. Linking ROS + ADV effects can induce cell coagulation necrosis and lead to a comprehensive, long-term impact on tumor tissue, providing a conceptual theranostic nanoplatform for cervical cancer.Keywords: cervical cancer, HeLa cell, sonodynamic therapy, reactive oxygen species, acoustic droplet vaporization, magnetic resonance