Entre la mitificación y la crítica: el cine y los medios audiovisuales en la escuela primaria en España en el tardofranquismo y la transición, 1958-1982

Cahiers de Civilisation Espagnole Contemporaine. 2013;11 DOI 10.4000/ccec.4895


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Journal Title: Cahiers de Civilisation Espagnole Contemporaine

ISSN: 1957-7761 (Print)

Publisher: Centre de Recherches Ibériques et Ibéro-Américaines

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Spain

Country of publisher: France

Language of fulltext: Spanish, English, French

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Gabriela Ossenbach

Tamar Groves


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 30 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

In this study we attempt to provide a preliminary evaluation of the role played by cinema and television in Spanish school culture in the 1960s and 1970s. While earlier research has pointed out their importance in this period, there is no study dedicated exclusively to this issue. Our research focuses on the late Franco period and the transition to democracy and analyses the technological innovations that were introduced into Spanish schools in the 1960s in order to modernize them. It also looks at the movements for pedagogical innovation reaction towards them in the 1970s. The bedazzlement they caused and the attractiveness of their persuasive power brought in their turn to a generalized effort to diffuse pedagogical cinema and train teachers to use it. However it seems that in more critical educational circles cinema and especially television were received with mistrust and suspicion. In this case the objective was not to use them in order to accompany the classes but to learn the audiovisual language in order to guarantee a critical mode of *consumption as well as the democratization of their usage.