Aim. The purpose of this work is to present the structural and semantic characteristics of verbal-nominal phrases functioning in a diachrony using the example of the "Primary Chronicle. Methodology. In the course of the work we used general scientific (observation, description, synthesis, analysis) and linguistic (component analysis method, contextual analysis method) methods. Results. The work results described the structure, semantics, and functioning of 312 stable units collected using continuous sampling. Research implications. The description of verbal-nominal phrases as special stable units of the Old Russian language makes it possible to expand the understanding of the composition of "transitional" phenomena between free phrases and phraseological units.