Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (Jun 2012)

Velocity encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance to assess left atrial appendage emptying

  • Muellerleile Kai,
  • Sultan Arian,
  • Groth Michael,
  • Steven Daniel,
  • Hoffmann Boris,
  • Adam Gerhard,
  • Lund Gunnar K,
  • Rostock Thomas,
  • Willems Stephan

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 14, no. 1
p. 39


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Abstract Background The presence of impaired left atrial appendage (LAA) function identifies patients who are prone to thrombus formation in the LAA and therefore being at high risk for subsequent cardioembolic stroke. LAA function is typically assessed by measurements of LAA emptying velocities using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in clinical routine. This study aimed at evaluating the feasibility of assessing LAA emptying by velocity encoded (VENC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods This study included 30 patients with sinus rhythm (n = 18) or atrial fibrillation (n = 12). VENC-CMR velocity measurements were performed perpendicular to the orifice of the LAA. Peak velocities were measured of passive diastolic LAA emptying (e-wave) in all patients. Peak velocities of active, late-diastolic LAA emptying (a-wave) were assessed in patients with sinus rhythm. Correlation and agreement was analyzed between VENC-CMR and TEE measurements of e- and a-wave peak velocities. Results A significant correlation and good agreement was found between VENC-CMR and TEE measurements of maximal e-wave velocities (r = 0.61, P Conclusions The assessment of active and passive LAA emptying by VENC-CMR is feasible. Further evaluation is required of potential future clinical applications such as risk stratification for cardioembolic stroke.