International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Aug 2022)

Graphene Oxide Loaded on TiO<sub>2</sub>-Nanotube-Modified Ti Regulates the Behavior of Human Gingival Fibroblasts

  • Xu Cao,
  • Keyi Wu,
  • Caiyun Wang,
  • Yatong Guo,
  • Ran Lu,
  • Xin Wang,
  • Su Chen

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 23, no. 15
p. 8723


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Surface topography, protein adsorption, and the loading of coating materials can affect soft tissue sealing. Graphene oxide (GO) is a promising candidate for improving material surface functionalization to facilitate soft tissue integration between cells and biomaterials. In this study, TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) were prepared by the anodization of Ti, and TNT-graphene oxide composites (TNT-GO) were prepared by subsequent electroplating. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TNTs and TNT-GO surface modifications on the behavior of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Commercially pure Ti and TNTs were used as the control group, and the TNT-GO surface was used as the experimental group. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction were used to perform sample characterization. Cell adhesion, cell proliferation, cell immunofluorescence staining, a wound-healing assay, real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Western blotting showed that the proliferation, adhesion, migration, and adhesion-related relative gene expression of HGFs on TNT-GO were significantly enhanced compared to the control groups, which may be mediated by the activation of integrin β1 and the MAPK-Erk1/2 pathway. Our findings suggest that the biological reactivity of HGFs can be enhanced by the TNT-GO surface, thereby improving the soft tissue sealing ability.