Some problems expected to be solved on the future ecological study of mosses in the Syowa Station area were pointed out. The mechanism of settlement of the moss vegetation in the Antarctic botanical zone should be studied. Second, the analysis of the relationship between nutrients in soil and the moss vegetation is necessary. Furthermore, the investigation of formation of the rhizoidal lines seen in a transection of moss colonies, the examination of variation in morphological characters of mosses from both genotypic and phenotypic viewpoints and the studies on the sporophyte maturation are suggested. These studies give the fundamental knowledge in the ecology of mosses as one of the biological indicators to monitor the Antarctic environment.