Journal Title: Povolžskaâ Arheologiâ
ISSN: 2306-4099 (Print); 2500-2856 (Online)
Society/Institution: Institute of Archaelogy
LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: Archaeology
Country of publisher: Russian Federation
Language of fulltext: Russian
Full-text formats available: PDF
Myts Victor L.
(State Hermitage. Dvortsovaya Naberezhnaya (Embankment), 34, Saint Petersburg, 190 000, Russian Federation)
Abstract | Full Text
The paper features the results of studying the fortifications of Sarymambash-Kermen fortified settlement in the Crimea. The available data allows to suggest that Sarymambash-Kermen fortified settlement was built by Yashlovsky beks not earlier than the 1360–80s and used as their fortified residence until the first third of the 18th century. The surviving defencive structures indicate that the fortress was designed for protection against the attacks by an enemy who did not possess the means for active fortress attacks. The fortification of this monument – characterized by the absence of towers, a narrow and shallow moat, a thick but low barrier wall, apparently covered from the outside with a stick banister coated with clay – indicates that it could only serve as a defence against swift attacks of the cavalry, but was not intended for long-term defence.