Sarymambash-Kermen – a Fortified 14th–15th Century Residence of Yashlavsky-Suleshevy Beks

Povolžskaâ Arheologiâ. 2018;2(24):190-203 DOI 10.24852/pa2018.2.24.190.203

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Povolžskaâ Arheologiâ

ISSN: 2306-4099 (Print); 2500-2856 (Online)

Publisher: TAS

Society/Institution: Institute of Archaelogy

LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: Archaeology

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Myts Victor L. (State Hermitage. Dvortsovaya Naberezhnaya (Embankment), 34, Saint Petersburg, 190 000, Russian Federation)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The paper features the results of studying the fortifications of Sarymambash-Kermen fortified settlement in the Crimea. The available data allows to suggest that Sarymambash-Kermen fortified settlement was built by Yashlovsky beks not earlier than the 1360–80s and used as their fortified residence until the first third of the 18th century. The surviving defencive structures indicate that the fortress was designed for protection against the attacks by an enemy who did not possess the means for active fortress attacks. The fortification of this monument – characterized by the absence of towers, a narrow and shallow moat, a thick but low barrier wall, apparently covered from the outside with a stick banister coated with clay – indicates that it could only serve as a defence against swift attacks of the cavalry, but was not intended for long-term defence.