BMC Research Notes (Jan 2011)

A real-time PCR assay with improved specificity for detection and discrimination of all clinically relevant <it>Bordetella </it>species by the presence and distribution of three Insertion Sequence elements

  • Ossewaarde Jacobus M,
  • Buitenwerf Johannes,
  • Roorda Lieuwe,
  • van der Zee Anneke

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 4, no. 1
p. 11


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Abstract Background In Dutch laboratories molecular detection of B. pertussis and B. parapertussis is commonly based on insertion sequences IS481 and IS1001, respectively. Both IS elements are more widely spread among Bordetella species. Both Bordetella holmesii, and B. bronchiseptica can harbour IS481. Also, IS1001 is found among B. bronchiseptica. IS481, and IS1001 based PCR thus lacks specificity when used for detection of specific Bordetella spp. Findings We designed a PCR based on IS1002, another IS element that is present among Bordetella species, and exploited it as a template in combination with PCR for IS481, and IS1001. In combining the PCRs for IS481, IS1001, and IS1002, and including an inhibition control, we were able to detect and discriminate all clinically relevant Bordetella species. Conclusions We developed an improved PCR method for specific detection of B. pertussis, B. parapertussis, B. holmesii, and B. bronchiseptica.