Exposure to sensitizer has been suggested to be hazardous to human health, evaluation the sensitization of sensitizer is particularly important and urgently needed. Dendritic cells (DCs) exert an irreplaceable function in immunity, and the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire is key to ensuring immune response to foreign antigens. We hypothesized that a co-culture model of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs) and T cells could be employed to evaluate the sensitization of DNCB. An experimental model of DNCB-induced sensitization in rat was employed to examine alterations of cluster of differentiation CD103+ DCs and T cells. A co-cultured model of Mo-DCs and T cells was developed in vitro to assess the sensitization of DNCB through the phenotypic and functional alterations of Mo-DCs, as well as the TCR repertoire. We found that the CD103+ DCs phenotype and T-helper (Th) cells polarization altered in sensitization rats. In vitro, phenotypic alteration of Mo-DCs caused by DNCB were consistent with in vivo results, antigen uptake capacity of Mo-DCs diminished and capacity of Mo-DCs to prime T cell increased. Clones of the TCR repertoire and the diversity of TCR repertoire were enhanced, changes were noted in the usage of variable, joining, and variable-joining gene combinations. DNCB exposure potentiated alterations and characteristics of Mo-DCs and the TCR repertoire in a co-culture model. Such changes provided innovative ideas for evaluating sensitization of DNCB.