International Journal of Nanomedicine (Jul 2022)

US/MR Bimodal Imaging-Guided Bio-Targeting Synergistic Agent for Tumor Therapy

  • Jiang F,
  • Wang L,
  • Tang Y,
  • Wang Y,
  • Li N,
  • Wang D,
  • Zhang Z,
  • Lin L,
  • Du Y,
  • Ou X,
  • Zou J

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 17
pp. 2943 – 2960

Abstract

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Fujie Jiang,1,2,* Lu Wang,1,* Yu Tang,1 Yaotai Wang,1 Ningshan Li,1,3 Disen Wang,1 Zhong Zhang,1 Li Lin,1 Yan Du,1 Xia Ou,1 Jianzhong Zou1 1State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound in Medicine and Engineering, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiology, Chongqing University Cancer Hospital, School of Medicine, Chongqing University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Ultrasound, Xinqiao Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Jianzhong Zou, State Key Laboratory of Ultrasound in Medicine and Engineering, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China, Tel +86-13708302390, Email [email protected]: Breast cancer is detrimental to the health of women due to the difficulty of early diagnosis and unsatisfactory therapeutic efficacy of available breast cancer therapies. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation is a new method for the treatment of breast tumors, but there is a problem of low ablation efficiency. Therefore, the improvement of HIFU efficiency to combat breast cancer is immediately needed. This study aimed to describe a novel anaerobic bacteria-mediated nanoplatform, comprising synergistic HIFU therapy for breast cancer under guidance of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) bimodal imaging.Methods: The [email protected]/Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) (Perfluorohexane (PFH) and superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIO, Fe3O4) with cationic lipid (CL) NPs) were synthesized using the thin membrane hydration method. The novel nanoplatform Bifidobacterium bifidum-mediated [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs were constructed by electrostatic adsorption. Thereafter, US and MR bimodal imaging ability of B. bifidum-mediated [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Finally, the efficacy of HIFU ablation based on B. [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs was studied.Results: B. bifidum combined with [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs by electrostatic adsorption and enhanced the tumor targeting ability of [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs. US and MR bimodal imaging clearly displayed the distribution of the bio-targeting nanoplatform in vivo. It was conducive for accurate and effective guidance of HIFU synergistic treatment of tumors. Furthermore, [email protected]/Fe3O4 NPs could form microbubbles by acoustic droplet evaporation and promote efficiency of HIFU ablation under guidance of bimodal imaging.Conclusion: A bio-targeting nanoplatform with high stability and good physicochemical properties was constructed. The HIFU synergistic agent achieved early precision imaging of tumors and promoted therapeutic effect, monitored by US and MR bimodal imaging during the treatment process.Keywords: high-intensity focused ultrasound, nanoparticles, Bifidobacterium bifidum, imaging guidance, cancer therapy

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