Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies (Oct 2022)

Development of tin copper alloys in shell and tube evaporator heat exchanger systems in ocean thermal energy converse power plant

  • Mawardi Mawardi,
  • Basuki Wirjosentono,
  • Himsar Ambarita,
  • Jaswar Koto

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 5, no. 8(119)
pp. 37 – 52


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A case study of the manufacture of an OTEC factory on a floating ship has been carried out using 100 MW Titanium material at a fairly expensive cost, so the OTEC system was researched using a copper-tin alloy. The behavior of the tin-copper heat exchanger between the Aspen Plus simulation and the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation on Shell And Tube evaporators of Bonnet Divided Flow fixed and Bonnet One-pass Shell fixed (BEM) types is investigated. The difference in temperature between water at sea level of 29 °C and water at a depth of 1000 meters at a temperature of 5 °C is assumed to produce electricity. A marine thermal energy conversion power plant is a continuous source of energy sourced from nature an evaporator heat exchanger with ammonia working fluid will produce power that can drive a turbine forwarded to a generator. The simulation results of CFD of a Bonnet Divided Flow fixed type Heat Exchanger on the hot water inlet line has a temperature of 29.9 °C, when exiting the evaporator shell the temperature decreases to 26.4 °C. At the inlet line, the working fluid of ammonia enters the evaporator at 7.9 °C and when it leaves the tube, the temperature rises to 26.3 °C. The best results of the simulation of Aspen Plus Heat Exchanger type BEM Inlet Ammonia temperature 8 °C and at CFD 7.99 °C. Meanwhile, at the ammonia outlet at 28 °C and in the CFD simulation, the ammonia outlet temperature was 28.21 °C. Aspen Plus Inlet heating water temperature is 30 °C, and in CFD simulation, the temperature is 29.99 °C. While the heating water outlet is 28 °C, and in the CFD simulation, the heating water outlet is 28.15 °C. The conclusion from the simulation results is that the BEM-type heat exchanger is very good and suitable for experimental prototyping.