The Impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Emotional Wellbeing and Glycemic Control of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Journal of Diabetes Research. 2018;2018 DOI 10.1155/2018/1986820

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Diabetes Research

ISSN: 2314-6745 (Print); 2314-6753 (Online)

Publisher: Hindawi Limited

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the endocrine glands. Clinical endocrinology

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML

 

AUTHORS

A. Armani Kian (Department of Psychiatry, Beheshti Hospital and Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan 45136-15788, Iran)
B. Vahdani (Department of Psychiatry, Beheshti Hospital and Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan 45136-15788, Iran)
A. A. Noorbala (Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
A. Nejatisafa (Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
M. Arbabi (Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
S. Zenoozian (Department of Clinical Psychology, Beheshti Hospital and Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran)
M. Nakhjavani (Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 14 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Objective. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on emotion regulation and glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods. Sixty patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited for this randomized controlled trial from an outpatient clinic at Imam Hospital in Iran. The intervention group participated in 8 sessions of MBSR, and the control group continued the treatment as usual. Fasting blood sugar and HbA1c were measured as two indices of glycemic control. Overall mental health, depression, and anxiety were measured using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), respectively. All the assessments were performed at baseline and after 8 weeks and 3 months as follow-up. Results. In comparison with the control group, the MBSR intervention group showed a significant reduction on all outcome measures including FBS, HbA1C, HARS, and HDRS scores (p<0/05). Conclusion. MBSR had a remarkable improvement on emotional wellbeing and glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes.