Changing Peripheries: East–West Relations During the Growth of Globalisation

IAFOR Journal of Arts & Humanities. 2012;1(1):7-22 DOI 10.22492/ijah.1.1.01

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: IAFOR Journal of Arts & Humanities

ISSN: 2187-0616 (Online)

Publisher:  The International Academic Forum

LCC Subject Category: Fine Arts: Arts in general | General Works: History of scholarship and learning. The humanities

Country of publisher: Japan

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Olavi K. Fält (University of Oulu, Finland)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The paper examines why Western culture achieved a position of hegemony in global development in the 1800s and why non-Western cultures, particularly Arabic, Indian, and Chinese cultures, did not achieve the same despite earlier supremacy in various fields leading to a type of globalization that can be termed “southernization”. I consider the question by assessing the political, cultural, and economic factors affecting globalization during different periods. My analysis utilizes Robert P. Clark’s entropy theory, according to which cultures have flourished by extending their sphere of influence, whereupon disorder and loss of energy have been moved elsewhere. The theory helps to suggest how Western Europe was able to adopt enough technical innovations produced by southernization to respond to the population pressures of the 1400s, thereby rising to a leading position in the world in the 1800s.