FirePhysChem (Mar 2024)

Design, synthesis and curing mechanism of two novel photothermal dual-curing adhesives for propellants and explosives

  • Bojun Tan,
  • Hongchang Mo,
  • Jing Zhang,
  • Yujia Wen,
  • Binghui Duan,
  • Xiaozhe Yang,
  • Xianming Lu,
  • Ning Liu

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 4, no. 1
pp. 63 – 71


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Photothermal dual-curing adhesive is not only required to realize the basic curing function, but also has the characteristics of rapid setting and strong curing, which possesses a vital role in the molding speed, stability and structure integrity for 3D-printed propellants and explosives. Herein, the acrylate hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene, as novel photothermal dual-curing binders, were designed and synthesized utilizing cationic ring opening polymerization and active monomer mechanism as the strategy of photothermal dual-curing reaction. The mechanical properties and thermal stability of the photothermal dual-curing elastomers were systematically investigated. The results suggested that the target MAHTPB(Acrylate hydroxy‑terminated polybutadiene)-based adhesives could be cured rapidly within 5 s under UV light irradiation and completely cured in 1.5 h under heating conditions. Specifically, the elastomer film formed by MAHTPB-based photothermal dual-curing has a tensile strength of 4.63 MPa and an elongation of 386%, which exhibits stronger mechanical properties than the elastomer film formed by single photo- or thermal-curing. As a result, the synthesized photothermally cured adhesives have performed 3D printing experiments and achieved relatively satisfactory printing effects. Our study aims to solve the problems of short photocuring time, slow curing rate and incomplete curing for traditional photocuring, which lays a solid foundation to achieve rapid prototyping and precise performance control in 3D printing of propellants and explosives.