Finnes lokalsamfunn?

Heimen. 2017;54:342-351 DOI 10.18261/issn.1894-3195-2017-04-05

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Heimen

ISSN: 0017-9841 (Print); 1894-3195 (Online)

Publisher: Scandinavian University Press/Universitetsforlaget

Society/Institution: Landslaget for lokalhistorie

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Northern Europe. Scandinavia: Norway

Country of publisher: Norway

Language of fulltext: Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML

 

AUTHORS

Knut Kjeldstadli

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 52 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstract The subject matter of local history is said to be local communities. Several characteristics are often mentioned - shared resource base, stability, common history and traditions, shared culture, belonging and group identification, a certain autonomy, internal interaction and a certain isolation. When these variables are systematized, the traditional concept may be pinned down to internal cohesion, external borders, residential stability and territoriality. However, the American social scientist Charles Tilly has claimed that this notion refers to a fictitious unity. Several criticisms have been directed at the concept, such as drawing borders too strictly, underestimating mobility and migration beyond the local community and stressing internal homogeneity too much. Yet, sociology and local history have clung to the notion, due to a need for constructing cohesion while the world of the 19th and 20th centuries experienced huge transformations. As an alternative to the territorially bound concept, a relational approach is suggested. This opens for thinking beyond the either-or logic. People may participate in more than one community, for example digital communities. Finally, some suggested solutions are addressed, such as John Barnes' network analysis. Yet there is need for further thinking, Otherwise, local history may find itself without a scientifically defined subject matter.