Aim. The article aims to compare the features of the images of madman in Gogol’s and Lu Xun’s works called «Notes of madman» and considers the three main issues forming the images - sources of the images, artistic and ideological originality of the stories, cultural and historical context. Methodology. The author analyzes Gogol’s and Lu Xun’s works, biography of Lu Xun and points out the artistic features of each of the two images. Results. As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that there are both the genetic and typological links between images of madman in the stories. Research implications.