Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług (Jan 2015)
The Role of Air Transport in Handling the Polish Foreign Trade Contra Worldwide Trends
Apart from maritime transport, air transport is the main transport branch supporting the international merchandise trade, especially on the long-range distance. Air cargo represents 0,25% to 1% of the weight of all international cargo. At the same time, air freight transport is responsible for approximately 13% to 35% of the total value of global trade and its share is rising. Compared to the alternative modes of transport, this transport branch has a marginal importance in handling the Polish foreign trade. In terms of weight, air transport is responsible for less than O, 1 % of the total volume of the Polish foreign trade in exports and imports (according to the data for 2013). As regards value, its share is increasing to nearly 4 %. However, over the past few years there has been a noticeably steady growth in the international air cargo from/to Poland. This article aims at determining the importance and identifying the development barriers of air transport in handling the Polish foreign trade.