Epidemiological patterns of traumatic musculoskeletal injuries and non-traumatic disorders in Japan Self-Defense Forces

Injury Epidemiology. 2018;5(1):1-8 DOI 10.1186/s40621-018-0150-2

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Injury Epidemiology

ISSN: 2197-1714 (Online)

Publisher: SpringerOpen

Society/Institution: Columbia University Center for Injury Epidemiology and Prevention

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid | Medicine: Public aspects of medicine

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB

 

AUTHORS

Masatoshi Amako (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)
Yoshiyuki Yato (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)
Yasuo Yoshihara (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)
Hiroshi Arino (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)
Hiroshi Sasao (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)
Osamu Nemoto (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital)
Tomohito Imai (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan Self-Defense Forces Sapporo Hospital)
Atsushi Sugihara (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospital Kure)
Satoshi Tsukazaki (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospital Yokosuka)
Yutaka Sakurai (Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, National Defense Medical College)
Koichi Nemoto (Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Background The epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. Methods All orthopedic patients (nā€‰=ā€‰22,340) who consulted to Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospitals were investigated for their type of injury or disorder, the injured body part, the mechanism, and the cause of injuries. Results Thirty-nine percent of the cases were classified as traumatic injuries, and 61% were classified as non-traumatic disorders. Of the traumatic injury patients, the injured body part was the upper extremity in 32%, the trunk in 23%, and the lower extremities in 45% of the cases. The most common injured body location was the knee followed by the hand/finger and ankle. Exercise was the most common cause of injury, followed by traffic accident and military training. Contusions were the most common traumatic injuries, followed by sprains and fractures. Of non-traumatic disorders, the lower extremities were reported as the injured part in 43% of the disorders. Lumbar spine disorders were the most common non-traumatic disorders, followed by tendon and joint disorders. Conclusions Over one-third of orthopedic cases among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces are traumatic injuries, with the knee being the body part most commonly injured and exercise being the leading cause of injury.