The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents: A Quasi-Experimental Study

مجله پژوهش در علوم توانبخشی. 2017;12(4):216-220 DOI 10.22122/jrrs.v12i4.2751

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: مجله پژوهش در علوم توانبخشی

ISSN: 1735-7519 (Print); 2008-2606 (Online)

Publisher: Vesnu Publications

Society/Institution: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Therapeutics. Pharmacology

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: Persian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Hamid Reza Pouretemad (Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology AND Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Brain, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Jalil Fathabadi (Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Saeid Sadeghi (PhD Candidate, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran)
Bita Shalani (Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 10 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Introduction: One of the most important problems in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a deficiency in social skills that appear at an early age and impair or limit daily functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate social skills training on ASD symptoms in adolescents. Materials and Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest. The statistical population consisted of 60 adolescents with high-functioning ASD in Tehran, Iran. Through purposive sampling, 12 subjects were selected and participated in 10 sessions lasting 90 minutes (two sessions per week). The participants were evaluated using the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS). Results: Social skills training did not have a significant effect on reducing stereotypical behavior (P = 0.11), communication problems (P = 0.26), social interactions (P = 0.08), and symptoms of developmental disorders (P = 0.77). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that social skills training alone has little impact on ASD symptoms in adolescents. Therefore, training that covers other troubled fields in these teenagers is recommended to alleviate the symptoms of this disorder.