Virtual and Physical Prototyping (Dec 2023)

The effects of processing parameters on mechanical properties of 3D-printed polyhydroxyalkanoates parts

  • Juan Ivorra-Martinez,
  • Miguel Ángel Peydro,
  • Jaume Gomez-Caturla,
  • Lourdes Sanchez-Nacher,
  • Teodomiro Boronat,
  • Rafael Balart

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 18, no. 1


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The crystallisation process of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) polymers plays a key role on final properties of manufactured parts due to most PHA are highly sensitive to physical aging which leads to embrittlement. The secondary crystallisation associated with the aging process can be partially controlled by the cooling process during manufacturing or, even, by heat treatments such as annealing. A critical parameter in additive manufacturing is the difficulty to achieve good adhesion of the material to the printing bed. The bed temperature plays a key role on PHBH crystallisation, which leads to shrinkage having a negative effect on polymer-to-bed adhesion. In this work, a study of the effect of different processing parameters such as the printing temperature, the bed temperature, the cooling conditions, as well as raster direction on the final properties of PHBH 3D-printed parts is carried out.