Psychology Research and Behavior Management (Dec 2022)

Parental Attachment and Adolescent Moral Reaction Modes: The Serial Mediating Model of the Teacher–Student Relationship and Deviant Peer Affiliation

  • Liu C,
  • Xiao X,
  • Zhan Y

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 15
pp. 3587 – 3598


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Changlin Liu,1 Xiao Xiao,2 Youlong Zhan1 1Department of Psychology, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, 411201, People’s Republic of China; 2Hunan First Normal University, Changsha, 410205, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Youlong Zhan, Department of Psychology, Hunan University of Science and Technology, No. 2 Taoyuan Road, Yuhu District, Xiangtan, 411201, People’s Republic of China, Tel +86 18874072657, Email [email protected]: Moral decision outcomes and emotional experiences after moral decisions are combined to create four moral reaction modes: happy victimizer (HV), unhappy victimizer (UHV), happy moralist (HM), and unhappy moralist (UHM). This study aimed to explore the relationships between parental attachment (PA) and adolescent moral reaction modes, and further examine the mechanism of the serial mediating effects of the teacher-student relationship (TS) and deviant peer affiliation (DP).Sample and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2022 among 3053 students (including 1496 females) from four middle schools, four high schools, and three colleges in China using a voluntary and anonymous questionnaire.Results: Our study reveals that PA was positively associated with HM modes and negatively associated with UHM, UHV, and HV modes. Both TS and DP serially or partly mediated the relationship between PA and adolescents’ four moral reaction modes.Conclusion: This study uncovered significant social relationship pathways for moral reaction modes. TS and DP are two important mediators between PA and moral reaction modes. Secure parental attachment can develop positive teacher-student and peer relationships. This can then encourage adolescents to behave in more positive HM modes and fewer UHM/HV/UHV modes.Keywords: moral reaction modes, parental attachment, teacher-student relationship, deviant peer affiliation