International Journal of Pediatrics (Jul 2019)

Investigation of some Factors Affecting Stunting and Wasting among the Under-Five Children in Eastern Mediterranean Region

  • Ali Almasi,
  • Shahram Saeidi,
  • Alireza Zanganeh,
  • Arash Ziapour,
  • Maryam Choobtashan,
  • Fariba Saeidi,
  • Mohammad Reza Salahshoor,
  • Farbod Ebadi Fard Azar

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 7, no. 7
pp. 9759 – 9772


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Background: Stunting and wasting, as two key health indexes in any society, are two major factors in children’s physical and mental growth in the future, especially in developing countries. We aimed to investigate some factors affecting stunting and wasting among the under-five children in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR).Materials and Methods: The statistical population of the present study consisted of the under-five children suffering from stunting and wasting in the EMR and natural factors from the website of World Meteorological Organization (WMO), based on the secondary data in the period 2005-2016. After that, the maps were extracted using the Geographical Information System (GIS). Finally, for data analysis, the regression, path analysis and cluster analysis techniques were employed in the SPSS Statistical Software (version 23.0). Results: The highest rates of stunting were in Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Sudan, whereas Djibouti, Yemen, Somalia and Sudan had the highest rates of wasting. Accordingly, the children’s stunting was affected by their wasting (Beta=0.918), and reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health interventions economic status (Direct Impact= -0.323, R= 0.865, R2= 0.748, ADJR2=0.720, P