Hybrid Warfare - Cases of Croatia and Ukraine

Vojenské rozhledy. 2016;25(Special):104-122 DOI 10.3849/2336-2995.25.2016.05.104-122


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Vojenské rozhledy

ISSN: 1210-3292 (Print); 2336-2995 (Online)

Publisher: Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic

Society/Institution: University of Defence

LCC Subject Category: Military Science

Country of publisher: Czechia

Language of fulltext: Czech, Slovak, English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Slavko Barić

Robert Barić

Jugoslav Jozić


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 15 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Despite the attempts of labeling hybrid warfare as a new form of warfare or even as a factor that is changing the nature of war, hybrid warfare is part of a war from the Antiquity to the present day. The essence of hybrid warfare is in parallel use of regular and irregular military forces and different means of pressure by a power unwilling to openly attack a weaker opponent. Information dimension is analyzed in the cases of hybrid warfare against Croatia (1990-91) and Ukraine (2014). In both cases the key target of hybrid warfare was social cohesion of the attacked countries. In the Croatian case, despite a strong propaganda campaign followed by the direct and indirect use of military force, the attacking side was unable to break social cohesion of the majority of Croatia's population. In the Ukrainian case, the lack of social cohesion has prevented organization of the efficient response to hybrid warfare waged by the Russian Federation. Both cases also indicate the significance of national identity in preserving a society's social cohesion.