Leptospirosis-Associated Hospitalizations, United States, 1998–2009

Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1273-1279 DOI 10.3201/eid2008.130450

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Emerging Infectious Diseases

ISSN: 1080-6040 (Print); 1080-6059 (Online)

Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Infectious and parasitic diseases

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML, print

 

AUTHORS

Rita M. Traxler
Laura S. Callinan
Robert C. Holman
Claudia Steiner
Marta A. Guerra

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

A small percentage of persons with leptospirosis, a reemerging zoonosis, experience severe complications that require hospitalization. The number of leptospirosis cases in the United States is unknown. Thus, to estimate the hospitalization rate for this disease, we analyzed US hospital discharge records for 1998–2009 for the total US population by using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. During that time, the average annual rate of leptospirosis-associated hospitalizations was 0.6 hospitalizations/1,000,000 population. Leptospirosis-associated hospitalization rates were higher for persons >20 years of age and for male patients. For leptospirosis-associated hospitalizations, the average age of patients at admission was lower, the average length of stay for patients was longer, and hospital charges were higher than those for nonleptospirosis infectious disease–associated hospitalizations. Educating clinicians on the signs and symptoms of leptospirosis may result in earlier diagnosis and treatment and, thereby, reduced disease severity and hospitalization costs.