Drug Design, Development and Therapy (2020-12-01)

Agomelatine Attenuates Isoflurane-Induced Inflammation and Damage in Brain Endothelial Cells

  • Cheng F,
  • Chang H,
  • Yan F,
  • Yang A,
  • Liu J,
  • Liu Y

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 14
pp. 5589 – 5598

Abstract

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Fang Cheng,1,* Huanxian Chang,2,* Fengfeng Yan,1 Aixing Yang,1 Jing Liu,1 Yuliang Liu3 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Clinic, The Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University; 2Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University; 3Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Yuliang LiuDepartment of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, No. 57, Zhonghua West Road, Lianyungang, Jiangsu 222042, People’s Republic of ChinaTel/Fax +86-518-80683999Email [email protected] and Purpose: Neurotoxicity of anesthetics has been widely observed by clinicians. It is reported that inflammation and oxidative stress are involved in the pathological process. In the present study, we aimed to assess the therapeutic effects of agomelatine against isoflurane-induced inflammation and damage to brain endothelial cells.Materials and Methods: MTT assay was used to detect cell viability in order to determine the optimized concentration of agomelatine. The bEnd.3 brain endothelial cells were treated with 2% isoflurane in the presence or absence of agomelatine (5, 10 μM) for 24 h. LDH release was evaluated and the ROS levels were checked using DHE staining assay. The expressions of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, VEGF, TF, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 were evaluated using real-time PCR and ELISA. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were used to determine the expression level of Egr-1.Results: The decreased cell viability promoted LDH release and elevated ROS levels induced by isoflurane were significantly reversed by the introduction of agomelatine in a dose-dependent manner. The expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, VEGF, TF, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 were elevated by stimulation with isoflurane, which were significantly suppressed by the administration of agomelatine. The up-regulation of transcriptional factor Egr-1 induced by isoflurane was down-regulated by agomelatine.Conclusion: Agomelatine might attenuate isoflurane-induced inflammation and damage via down-regulating Egr-1 in brain endothelial cells.Keywords: anesthetics, agomelatine, isoflurane, brain endothelial cells, neuroinflammation

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