Этническая культура (Mar 2021)

Cheboksary Regiolect of Russian Language: the New Vernacular

  • Eduard V. Fomin,
  • Tamara N. Erina

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 3, no. 1
pp. 26 – 29


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This article is devoted to the study of non-literary units that exist in the Cheboksary regiolect of the Russian language and are recognized as important speech markers of the residents of Cheboksary. The purpose of the work is to characterize the Cheboksary regiolect of the region as a complex phenomenon that combines two hypostases – literary and new vernacular, as well as to analyze uncodified colloquial vocabulary. The material of the research was, first of all, lexico-phraseological units collected by the authors in the course of long-term observations of the speech of the inhabitants of Cheboksary. The conclusions of the work are based on the analysis of the material from the orthological point of view. As a result of the research, the authors came to the following conclusion: in the capital of the Chuvash Republic there is a stable specific layer of linguistic units localized by the city and its agglomeration. It is represented by expressive uncodified lexical and phraseological units, Chuvash-Russian new formations, imitation of the Russian speech of the Chuvash. Moreover, such cheboksarisms are well known within the functioning of the regiolect, and do not belong exclusively to any social group. This lexical layer, despite its insignificant volume, is important for the self-identification of the inhabitants of Cheboksary as carriers of a separate linguistic phenomenon, and it must be recognized as the main source of the Cheboksary regional dictionary.