BioTechniques (Jul 2007)

Closed-tube genotyping of apolipoprotein E by isolated-probe PCR with multiple unlabeled probes and high-resolution DNA melting analysis

  • Matthew Dean Poulson,
  • Carl T. Wittwer

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 43, no. 1
pp. 87 – 91


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Isolated-probe PCR (IP-PCR) is a method that combines asymmetric PCR, unlabeled probes, and high-resolution DNA melting while maintaining a closed tube system. A double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) dye LCGreen® I was used to detect the unlabeled probes. LCGreen I is also used to detect the 277-base pair PCR product peak as an internal amplification control. To accomplish this, IP-PCR separates the asymmetric PCR amplification step and the detection step of the unlabeled probes. This prevents the probes from interfering with the amplification of the DNA target. The samples are then melted using a high-resolution DNA melting instrument: the HR-I™. The closed tube system virtually eliminates PCR product contamination or sample carryover. The target apolipoprotein E (APOE) was chosen to test the IP-PCR technique. APOE contains two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located 139 base pairs apart in a GC-rich region of the human genome. The results from this study show that the IP-PCR technique was able to determine the correct APOE genotype for each of the 101 samples. The IP-PCR technique should also be useful in detecting SNPs in other high-GC regions of the human genome.