Functional outcome of open surgical A1 pulley release in diabetic and nondiabetic patients

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery. 2018;26 DOI 10.1177/2309499018758069

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery

ISSN: 2309-4990 (Online)

Publisher: SAGE Publishing

Society/Institution: Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Surgery: Orthopedic surgery

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS

A Ashour ( Department of Orthopedics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
A Alfattni ( Medical Intern, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
A Hamdi ( Department of Orthopedics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Purpose: Trigger finger, also referred to as stenotic flexor tenosynovitis, is a common condition affecting the digits, with a lifetime incidence of 2.6% among the healthy population and up to 16.5% in diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is associated with multiple musculoskeletal conditions including trigger finger. In this study, we aimed to compare the functional outcome of trigger finger release in diabetic and nondiabetic patients to evaluate whether the management of trigger finger in diabetic patients should be the same as that in nondiabetic patients, or whether diabetic patients would benefit from a more tailored management plan to optimize results. Methods: A retrospective case–control study was performed at a single center among patients who underwent A1 pulley release from January 2013 to February 2017. Patients were diagnosed with trigger finger grades I to IV according to the Quinnell classification and assessed using the The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire (Arabic version). Results: Sixty-nine patients, including 21 male (30.4%) and 48 female (69.6%), underwent A1 pulley release surgery. More than half of the participants included in this study were diabetic (n = 40, 58%) and 29 were nondiabetic (42%). The mean postoperative QuickDASH scores were 19.93 among diabetic patients and 17.15 among nondiabetic patients. There was no significant difference in the functional outcome between diabetic and nondiabetic ( p = 0.6) patients. Conclusions: The postoperative functional outcomes are similar in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Therefore, the management of trigger finger should be the same in both groups.