mRNA expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6 in paraspinal muscles of patients with lumbar kyphosis: a preliminary study

Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2018;Volume 13:1633-1638

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Clinical Interventions in Aging

ISSN: 1176-9092 (Print); 1178-1998 (Online)

Publisher: Dove Medical Press

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Geriatrics

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Kudo D

Miyakoshi N

Hongo M

Kasukawa Y

Ishikawa Y

Fujii M

Shimada Y

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Daisuke Kudo, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Masashi Fujii, Yoichi Shimada Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan Background: Kyphosis is a spine deformity that can lead to falls and reduced quality of life. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and is important for proper functioning of skeletal muscle, including the paraspinal muscles, which support and allow movement of the spine. The role of PGC-1α in paraspinal muscles in lumbar kyphosis has not been examined. We also examined the expressions of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6.Methods: We obtained paraspinal muscle specimens from 12 patients who underwent posterior lumbar surgery. RNA was isolated from these samples, and quantitative PCR was performed to compare the expression levels of PGC-1α, TNF-α, and IL-6 mRNA between patients with decreased lumbar lordosis (LL) and normal LL patients.Results: TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expressions in paraspinal muscles were significantly higher in the decreased LL group than in the normal LL group (P=0.048 for both). PGC-1α mRNA expression was slightly increased in the decreased LL group, but the difference was not significant. Age was significantly positively correlated with PGC-1α mRNA expression (P=0.010). PGC-1α mRNA expression was significantly positively correlated with TNF-α mRNA expression (P=0.022). LL was significantly negatively correlated with PGC-1α, TNF-α, and IL-6 mRNA expressions (P=0.015, 0.036, and 0.010, respectively).Conclusion: TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expressions in paraspinal muscles were significantly higher in the decreased LL group than in the normal LL group. LL was significantly negatively correlated with PGC-1α, TNF-α, and IL-6 mRNA expressions. PGC-1α mRNA expression levels in paraspinal muscles may be affected by lumbar kyphosis. Keywords: aging, PGC-1α, TNF-α, IL-6, lumbar kyphosis