Virtual and Physical Prototyping (Dec 2023)

Impact of gas flow direction on the crystallographic texture evolution in laser beam powder bed fusion

  • Hiroki Amano,
  • Takuya Ishimoto,
  • Koji Hagihara,
  • Ryoya Suganuma,
  • Keisuke Aiba,
  • Shi-Hai Sun,
  • Pan Wang,
  • Takayoshi Nakano

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 18, no. 1


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This study demonstrated that the gas flow direction in the laser beam powder bed fusion (PBF-LB) significantly affects the crystallographic texture evolved in the products. The effect on texture is attributed to the difference in the melt pool depth, which depends on gas flow direction. The melt pool was shallower when the laser scanning and gas flow directions were parallel than when they were perpendicular. This phenomenon should be of particular concern when applying Scan Strategy_XY wherein the laser was scanned with a 90° rotation in each layer, which is often used in PBF-LB. The asymmetry in the melt pool depth generated by laser scanning in the x- and y-directions can lead to unintended variations in the crystallographic texture. The gas phase would interact with a part being manufactured immediately beneath the gas and affect the crystallographic feature of the product.