The parallel diplomacy and the International Relations of the regions

Desafíos. 2011;23(1):56-96


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Desafíos

ISSN: 0124-4035 (Print); 2145-5112 (Online)

Publisher: Universidad del Rosario, Bogota

Society/Institution: Universidad del Rosario

LCC Subject Category: Political science: Political science (General)

Country of publisher: Colombia

Language of fulltext: Spanish; Castilian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB



Zidane Zeraoiu (Tecnológico de Monterrey)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 26 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The inclusion of subnational entities in international politics, breaks with the exclusive privilege of handling external relations by the States. Regions and municipalities have developed international policies that strengthen local affairs in cultural, economic, politic, security and strategic cooperation aspects, through the so-called parallel diplomacy activities. The influence of regional institutions in global affairs is growing; however paradiplomacy practice is not institutionalized and received little attention in international relation studies.