Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia (Jan 2013)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: an overview of the determinants of effectiveness and therapeutic response in the first decade of treatment with imatinib mesylate in a Brazilian hospital

  • Danielle Maria Camelo Cid,
  • Silvia Maria Meira Magalhaes,
  • Acy Telles de Souza Quixada,
  • Rita Paiva Pereira Honorio,
  • Paola Franssinetti Torres Ferreira Costa,
  • Samuel Roosevelt Campos dos Reis,
  • Selda Maria de Aguiar Carvalho,
  • David Antonio Camelo Cid,
  • Rafael Moura e Sucupira,
  • Mariana Fatima Cabral de Oliveira

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 35, no. 6
pp. 389 – 394


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Background: In the last decade, there has been a revolution in chronic myeloid leukemia treatment with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors with imatinib mesylate becoming the frontline therapy. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of imatinib mesylate in treating chronic myeloid leukemia patients and to identify factors related to therapeutic efficacy. Methods: This retrospective study was based on information obtained from patients'records in the Hematology Service of Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio of the Universidade Federal do Ceará (HUWC / UFC). All patients diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia that took imatinib mesylate for a minimum of 12 months in the period from January 2001 to January 2011 were included. From a population of 160 patients, 100 were eligible for analysis. Results: The study population consisted of 100 patients who were mostly male (51%) with ages rangingbetween 21 and 40 years (42%), from the countryside (59%), in the chronic phase (95%), with high-riskprognostic factors (40%); the prognosis of high risk was not associated with complete hematologic responseor complete cytogenetic response, but correlated to complete molecular response or major molecularresponse. Reticulin condensation was associated with complete hematologic response and completecytogenetic response. It was found that 53% of patients had greater than 90% adherence to treatment. Thehigh adherence was correlated to attaining complete cytogenetic response in less than 12 months. Moreover,20% of patients had good response. Conclusion: Significant changes are indispensable in the monitoring of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. Thus, the multidisciplinary team is important as it provides access to the full treatment and not just to medications.