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Parametric Modelling and Traditional Architecture: Improving the thermal comfort of the traditional courtyard house in Morocco

MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018;149:02051 DOI 10.1051/matecconf/201814902051


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: MATEC Web of Conferences

ISSN: 2261-236X (Online)

Publisher: EDP Sciences

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

Country of publisher: France

Language of fulltext: French, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



El Harrouni Khalid

Ben Aicha Mouhcine

El Harrouni Rime


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Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The traditional courtyard house of the Mediterranean Basin has been viewed as a complex regulating system that creates a microclimate which historically worked, and still works, in a passive way to provide acceptable thermal comfort in summer. The internal courtyard is generally described as a positive factor that can moderate extreme outdoor climatic conditions. However, some researches have shown that the courtyard could become a negative factor from the energy efficiency point of view. For this purpose, this paper is based on a research study exploring sustainable characteristics of Moroccan traditional housing and its climatic adaptation, delving into the Rabat-Salé case study. A traditional courtyard model is used as a case study to analyze the indoor thermal comfort without using mechanical heating and cooling systems. The thermal behavior of the rooms surrounding the courtyard is analyzed under a temperate and humid climate of Rabat-Salé medina. The simulation modelling is carried out to analyze the effectiveness of different parameters to improve the indoor climate during summer and winter, including the façade orientation, the air infiltration, the surroundings, the ceiling height, the walls and roof/ceiling insulation and the shading devices. Tools for climatic design, Mahoney’s tables, Givoni and Szokolay bio climatic diagrams have been also used to improve design strategies in terms of thermal comfort.