A stone mould from Klinovac

Starinar. 2002;2002(52):139-144 DOI 10.2298/STA0252139B


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Journal Title: Starinar

ISSN: 0350-0241 (Print); 2406-0739 (Online)

Publisher: Institute of Archaeology, Belgrade, Serbia

LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: Archaeology

Country of publisher: Serbia

Language of fulltext: German, French, Serbian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Bulatović Aleksandar (Narodni muzej, Vranje)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 35 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

A two-piece stone mould that reached the National Museum at Vranje in 1966 had been recovered from a depth of about one meter at the site known as Tri Kruške (Three Pear-trees), the village of Klinovac. The site is situated on a river terrace on the right bank of the Krševica River some 15 kilometers south of Vranje. The mould was carved out of metamorphic rock from the class of schist, more exactly, of greenschist (with chlorite and mica as its constituent minerals) that is widespread in the area, which geologically belongs to the upper (Vlasina) complex of the Serbian-Macedonian mass. The mould was intended for casting four kinds of bronze weapons: three chisels and a winged axe. More sensitive as dating evidence, the winged axe (Ärmchenbeil) may be broadly dated to the last three centuries of the second millennium BC. The type is geographically related with the Aegean, while its northernmost findspot so far is Pobit Kamak in northern Bulgaria. The chisels cast in this mould do not have direct analogies, although many hoards of similar tools have been registered in Croatia, Romania and Central Europe. Apparently the mould was made by a local workshop and from the locally available raw material. The possible activity of local workshops in the above mentioned period has already been presumed by scholars, and the Klinovac mould constitutes yet another corroboration of the hypothesis. Nevertheless its Aegean origin should not be ruled out completely, because cultural contacts between the Late Bronze Age population inhabiting the region and their southern neighbours seem quite certain, as evidenced by Mycenaean pottery discovered on the site of Resulja at Lučani near Bujanovac.