Przestępstwa dystansowe i tranzytowe

Acta Iuris Stetinensis. 2016;14 DOI 10.18276/ais.2016.14-06


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Journal Title: Acta Iuris Stetinensis

ISSN: 2083-4373 (Print); 2545-3181 (Online)

Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

Society/Institution: Wydział Prawa i Administracji Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

LCC Subject Category: Law | Political science: Political institutions and public administration (General)

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: Polish, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Mariusz Nawrocki (Uniwersytet Szczeciński)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 20 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

In criminal law, in which apply the rule of nullum crimen sine lege, forcing the statutory elements of the offenses shape, there are many structures with extralegal normalization. For the construction of such can include – recognized in the Polish doctrine as controversial – the transit offense. Similar construction is distance offense. Transit and distance crimes have one thing in common – are committed each time in different locations. This is possible thanks to „many places” rule, governed by article 6 § 2 Polish Penal Code. According to it, an offense shall be deemed committed in the place where the perpetrator acted or failed to act, to which he was obliged to, or where the effect constitutes a criminal act occurred or the intention of the perpetrator to ensue. It should be noted that the controversial nature of the transit offense stems from the fact that according to most authors, this design does not fit in the framework of the art. 6 § 2 Polish Penal Code. In turn, distance crime, as far as is consistent with the „many places” rule, that does not mean it is a symptom of the traditional crime. Basically, because the typical offense (behavior and effect) is fully implemented in one location.