Applied Sciences (Jan 2023)

Multiscale Analysis for Improving Texture Classification

  • Steve Tsham Mpinda Ataky,
  • Diego Saqui,
  • Jonathan de Matos,
  • Alceu de Souza Britto Junior,
  • Alessandro Lameiras Koerich

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13, no. 3
p. 1291


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Information from an image occurs over multiple and distinct spatial scales. Image pyramid multiresolution representations are a useful data structure for image analysis and manipulation over a spectrum of spatial scales. This paper employs the Gaussian–Laplacian pyramid to separately treat different spatial frequency bands of a texture. First, we generate three images corresponding to three levels of the Gaussian–Laplacian pyramid for an input image to capture intrinsic details. Then, we aggregate features extracted from gray and color texture images using bioinspired texture descriptors, information-theoretic measures, gray-level co-occurrence matrix feature descriptors, and Haralick statistical feature descriptors into a single feature vector. Such an aggregation aims at producing features that characterize textures to their maximum extent, unlike employing each descriptor separately, which may lose some relevant textural information and reduce the classification performance. The experimental results on texture and histopathologic image datasets have shown the advantages of the proposed method compared to state-of-the-art approaches. Such findings emphasize the importance of multiscale image analysis and corroborate that the descriptors mentioned above are complementary.