Investigation of lactose crystallization process during condensed milk cooling using native vacuum-crystallizer

Vestnik Voronežskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Inženernyh Tehnologij. 2017;0(4):127-129 DOI 10.20914/2310-1202-2016-4-127-129


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Journal Title: Vestnik Voronežskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Inženernyh Tehnologij

ISSN: 2226-910X (Print); 2310-1202 (Online)

Publisher: Voronezh state university of engineering technologies

Society/Institution: Voronezh state university of engineering technologies

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Chemical technology: Food processing and manufacture

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF



E. I. Dobriyan (All-Russian dairy research institute)
A. M. Il’ina (All-Russian Dairy Research Institute)


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

One of the most general defects of condensed milk with sugar is its consistency heterogeneity – “candying”. The mentioned defect is conditioned by the presence of lactose big crystals in the product. Lactose crystals size up to 10 µm is not organoleptically felt. The bigger crystals impart heterogeneity to the consistency which can be evaluated as “floury”, “sandy”, “crunch on tooth”. Big crystals form crystalline deposit on the can or industrial package bottom in the form of thick layer. Industrial processing of the product with the defective process of crystallization results in the expensive equipment damage of the equipment at the confectionary plant accompanied with heavy losses. One of the factors influencing significantly lactose crystallization is the product cooling rate. Vacuum cooling is the necessary condition for provision of the product consistency homogeneity. For this purpose the vacuum crystallizers of “Vigand” company, Germany, are used. But their production in the last years has been stopped. All-Russian dairy research institute has developed “The references for development of the native vacuum crystallizer” according to which the industrial model has been manufactured. The produced vacuum – crystallizer test on the line for condensed milk with sugar production showed that the product cooling on the native vacuum-crystallizer guarantees production of the finished product with microstructure meeting the requirements of State standard 53436–2009 “Canned Milk. Milk and condensed cream with sugar”. The carried out investigations evidences that the average lactose crystals size in the condensed milk with sugar cooled at the native crystallizer makes up 6,78 µm. The granulometric composition of the product crystalline phase cooled at the newly developed vacuum-crystallizer is completely identical to granulometric composition of the product cooled at “Vigand” vacuum-crystallizer.