The relevance of the article is related to the process of studying ensemble disciplines, because students due to this process need to create a three-dimensional representation of the work of the studied composer. The purpose of the article is an acquaintance with a number of compositions to create a convincing artistic interpretation of the work. Methods – description, observation, representation. The article presents an overview of the heritage of one of the prominent figures of Russian musical art in the first half of the XX century – Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko, who had a well-deserved respect among admirers of the academic style and traditions of the Moscow school of composition. The focus is on the review of chamber and ensemble music by S.N. Vasilenko, which reflects the specifics of the composer's creative thinking: a colorful sound palette, an appeal to the folklore heritage of Eastern peoples, original instrumental compositions, and ancient music of Western European composers. Results: substantiation of the author's idea in creating an exquisite program suite "Four pieces on themes of lute music of the XVI–XVII centuries" for cello (or viola) and piano (1918). This is one of the first works for viola written by S.V. Vasilenko in the post-October period of art, rarely performed and practically not found in educational practice. Conclusion: this cycle is the basis for further study of chamber literature for viola in historical dynamics and perspective.