Applied Sciences (Jan 2023)

Analysis of Optimal Shift Pattern Based on Continuously Variable Transmission of Electric Vehicle for Improving Driving Distance

  • Wootaek Kim,
  • Daekuk Kim,
  • Dokyeong Lee,
  • Iljoo Moon,
  • Jinwook Lee

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13, no. 2
p. 1190


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Extending the maximum driving distance of an electric vehicle would be beneficial given these vehicles’ long charging time and limited battery capacity and to improve electricity consumption. Research on the optimal development of the powertrain is essential because the efficiency of an electric motor varies according to the operating point. In this study, we developed a simulation analysis model with a continuously variable transmission. based on the commercial electric vehicle (Company B) model and using actual vehicle driving data supplied by the Argonne National Laboratory. The shift pattern of the continuously variable transmission was then optimized by considering the change in the operating point, constant motor output area, and transmission response speed. In addition, a performance comparison was made using the model with a single reducer. The results obtained by this study showed that electronic economy improved by approximately 5% when the continuously variable transmission was applied through the combined driving simulation. Furthermore, the time taken to accelerate 0–100 km/h and 80–120 km/h reduced by 15% and 6%, respectively. The maximum driving distance on a single charge improved by 7 km. It was confirmed that the driving performance of an EV with continuously variable transmission could be improved by downsizing the electric motor to reduce manufacturing costs.